Glossary

List

50 of 105 (of 105)

Output
Totality of services provided and products generated by a project.
Participation
Active involvement of individuals and groups in the planning, implementation and evaluation of interventions (projects) concerning their living conditions and their lifestyles.
Pathogenese
Personal and contextual conditions contributing to the development of a particular disease or illness.
Performance objectives
Performance objectives specify the quantitaty and extent of output to be achieved (as opposed to outcome objectives).
Policy
Concerted strategy with overarching goals adopted by important key-players in health promotion and prevention.
Potential for improvement
Room for manœuvre for improving the structures, processes and results of a project, identified by means of systematic reflection and assessment. Quality objectives are defined and based on the thus identified potential for improvement.
Prevention
Measures intended to prevent the initial occurrence of a disorder (primary prevention) e.g. risk factor prevention, to arrest or retard existing disease (secondary prevention) or to reduce the occurrence of relapses and the establishment of chronic conditions (tertiary prevention).
Process quality
The quality of methods and procedures. A project is of high process quality, if ways and means of implementation are suitable for achieving the objectives.
Programme
An medium-term, goal-oriented and time-limited initiative inspired by a comprehensive strategy, usually comprising various coordinated sub-projects.
Project
A structured and unique undertaking proposing to achieve defined objectives within a given time-scale.
Project design
Basic planning of a project.
Project draft
Structured summary of first ideas and investigations for a planned project.
Project management
Periodic and systematic assessment, reflection and optimization of the project implementation (cf. milestones and monitoring).
Project management (PM)
The steering of all activities that are needed for planning, implementing and evaluating a project.
Project objective
The state of a particular system desired by the end of a project.
Project organization
The totality of all participants in a project, i.e. individuals, groups and organizations, and their roles, duties and responsibilities specific to the project in question.
Project phases
Project phases are the phases a project passes through from initial idea to completion. In quint-essenz, we distinguish between phases of planning, implementation and valorization, where the implementation phase is subdivided into continuous development cycles (stages).
Project plan
A project plan is a binding planning document. It contains the justification for the project, describes its goals, the way how the project will be implemented and what resources are necessary.
Project structure
Overview of all those involved in a project and the relationship (in terms of the project) between them.
Public Health Action Cycle (PHAC)
A cyclic model of four phases used as a basis for the strategic planning, implementation and evaluation of health-related interventions.
Quality
A positive attribute of an object or a situation on the basis of specific expectations (criteria).
Quality assurance
Measures that are aimed at maintaining an already existing standard of quality.
Quality circle
A method of quality improvement involving a group of people from a particular setting who meet regularly to work towards the improvement of structures, processes and quality of results. This approach is based on the philosophy that problems need to be solved where they occur.
Quality criterion
A disitinctive feature regarding the quality of an object or a circumstance (e.g. a project, a process, a product).
Quality culture
Aspects of the organizational culture regarding quality.
Quality development
The periodic and systematic reflection and improvement of structures, processes and results of an organization, a programme or a project.
Quality management (QM)
The totality of all management activities related to quality assurance and quality development in an organization.
Quality management system (QMS)
The part of an organization's or program's management system that makes sure that quality in structures, processes and results is upheld, by periodic reflection and systematic development of quality concerns.
Quality objective
As opposed to project objectives, which aim at desired effects in an external system (e.g. a setting or a target-group), quality objectives aim at the structures and the processes of the project itself.
Quality of results
The quality of products and efforts (output) and results (outcome). A project is of high quality if the stated objectives and the desired effects have been achieved and without having caused important negative side effects.
Quality promotion
Support of the quality development of an organization, a programme or a project by providing appropriate external assistance (training, advice) and resources.
Quality standard
Pre-defined element, preferably based on factual criteria, which describes a specific minimal level of quality.
Reflexion (systematic)
To reflect critically and comparatively on a fact or a situation on the basis of specific criteria.
Reporting
Periodic information.
Resources
Personal factors which individals have at their disposal for coping with the demands of life. In resource-oriented health promotion, it usually means individual skills and social resources (e.g. resilience, sense of coherence, social status). In project management, the term usually refers to the material, infra-structural and professional requirements needed for planning, executing and evaluating a project.
Risk
A risk is an uncertainty with potentially negative consequences that may or may not occur in the future. (based on Wanner 2015)
SMART objective
SMART objectives are 'Specific', 'Measurable', 'Achievable', 'Realistic' and 'Time-limited'.
Salutogenesis
In contrast to pathogenesis, salutogenesis refers to the process of creating and maintaining health.
Self-evaluation
The systematic assessment of a situation from the perspective of the person concerned.
Self-reflection
To reflect critically and comparatively about one's own personality, behaviour and experiences.
Sense of coherence (SOC)
Antonovsky's ‘sense of coherence' is an important health resource. It exists if an individual can comprehend and manage the world in which he lives and if the demands of life are seen as challenges that are worthy of investment and engagement. The three dimensions of Antonovsky's ‘sense of coherence' are therefore: comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness.
Setting
A clearly defined place or social context (e.g. work-place, school, hospital, youth centre, family).
Sponsoring
Financial backing of projects by institutions and private funding (third party funds). The sponsors do not make conceptual demands on the project but are usually given the opportunity of using the project's channels for advertising.
Stakeholders
Stakeholders in a setting or in an organization are groups whose members have certain expectations (of the setting or the organization) or who may make demands. They include individuals: who are involved in providing a service (e.g. collaborators), who influence the service provision (e.g. partners, authorities), or who are touched by the service provision (e.g. clients).
Strategy
In projects, strategies describe the approximate causal pathways of the planned intervention(s). The formulation of strategies contributes to making implicit effect models explicit, and thus allows one to reflect on and reconsider those models. Strategies are defined along with project objectives, and together they form the basis for defining specific measures.
Strength
A higher than expected positive quality (of a project) identified by means of systematic reflection and assessment.
Structural quality
The quality of the structural conditions. They include objective and subjective need, resources in terms of personnel, finances and professional know-how, as well as conceptual and legal bases.
Supervision
Usually refers to a process of professional support based on a personal relationship between individual practitioners and encouraging reflection on professional practice.
Sustainability
Effects of a project which last longer than the project itself.
Sustainable development
The concept of "sustainable development" is designed to achieve a balance between resource consumption and regeneration in order to ensure the continued existence of a just society with a functioning economy in a sound ecological environment, or to develop it in this direction.
Last modification: 15 September, 2016 11:11